The United States was sent to patrol North Africa where it came into contact with the Macedonian off the Azores. United States began by firing a broadside. Captain Carden elected not to risk crossing the bows of United States to rake her, but chose instead to haul closer to the wind on a parallel course with the American vessel.
Captain Decatur recognized HMS Macedonian, which was on its way to its station in the West Indies. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Carden surrendered his ship after suffering some 100 casualties. However, Decatur was transferred to the frigate President in the spring of 1814, and he took the officers and crew of United States with him to his new command. Many of the crew on both side are on deck, but on the United States, they would have been below decks firing the broadside illustrated. If the two were to meet in battle, Carden owed Decatur his beaver-felt hat. "At Plymouth we heard some vague rumors of a declaration of war against America. The American squadron consisted of the USS President, USS United States, USS Congress, and the USS Argus. This page was last modified on 21 December 2015, at 00:23. USS United States versus HMS Macedonian was a naval battle fought near Madeira on October 25 th 1812 between the heavy frigate USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, and the frigate HMS Macedonian, commanded by John Surman Carden.. On 25 October, five hundred miles south of the Azores, lookouts on United States sighted a sail. The USS United States was the first American frigate ever built, ordered in March of 1794. The Macedonian was the first British ship to be bested by an American ship and the first to be returned to an American port (Newport, Rhode Island). A blog about military history throughout the ages. It is interesting to see where his loyalties lie. Wherever they went, Captain Decatur and his crew were lionized and received special praise from both Congress and President James Madison. Both ships were immediately cleared for action and commenced maneuvers at 0900. United States next took up position off Macedonian's quarter and proceeded to riddle the hapless frigate methodically with shot. Most of the United States’ guns were 24-pounders, while HMS Macedonian was equipped with primarily 18-pounders. This painting, by Thomas Chambers, is “Capture of H.B.M Frigate Macedonian by U.S. Firgate United States, October 25, 1812.” It is time to explore both the art and the history behind Chambers’ piece.
USS „United States” został zbudowany w Filadelfii, zwodowany 10 maja 1797 roku, a oddany do służby 11 lipca 1798 roku. United States, the frigate Congress, and the brig Argus joined Commodore John Rodgers's squadron at New York City and put to sea immediately, cruising off the east coast until the end of August.  By noon, Macedonian was a dismasted hulk. The battle commensed. The United States also had six more guns and was a larger, more-powerful ship. ( Log Out / Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The United States also had six more guns and was a larger, more-powerful ship. ( Log Out /
The painting is in the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington D.C. on a wall in the second floor corridor. United States next took up position off Macedonian's quarter and proceeded to riddle the frigate methodically with shot. John Carden of HMS Macedonian announcing his surrender to the United States with a loudhailer as the American ship fires a broadside into the Macedonian‘s hull. Because of the greater range of the guns aboard United States, the ship emerged from the battle relatively unscathed. Chambers’ painting shows the ship in a much better state than it would have been. It was the first British warship to ever be brought into … On 25 October, five hundred miles south of the Azores, lookouts on United States sighted a sail. , At dawn, on 25 October, five hundred miles south of the Azores, lookouts on board United States reported seeing a sail 12 miles (19 km) to windward. Macedonian had over 100 round shot lodged in her hull and suffered over one hundred casualties, one third of her crew, while United States only suffered 12. The War of 1812 began on the seas as the US and Britain became involved in a series of disputes over impressment. In each case the US ship was superior to the British one. Painted in 1852, the image shows a duel between HMS Macedonian and the USS United States, early in the War of 1812. Ordered without a frame, it will be delivered in protective tube within 21-28 business days.
Notice how the American ship is in the light of victory. After repairs, United States sailed from New York on 24 May 1813, accompanied by USS Macedonian and the sloop Hornet. Decatur's next broadside had better luck, as it destroyed Macedonian's mizzen top mast, letting her driver gaff fall and so giving the maneuvering advantage to the American frigate. The ship’s captain, Stephen Decatur, allegedly made a bet with the commander of the Macedonian, John Carden, in Norfolk, Virginia. The captives of HMS Macedonian were treated with utmost care & respect – unlike the treatment meted out to many of the former USS Chesapeake crew – now in USS United States – by HMS Leopard. SAMUEL LEECH HMS Macedonian vs. USS United States 1812 Samuel Leech, R.N., fought in the battle between the 38 gun HMS Macedonian, commanded by Captain John Surman Carden, and the 44 gun USS United States, Commodore Stephen Decatur on October 25th 1812. The actual battle developed according to Decatur's plan. She had had over 100 round shot lodged in her hull and suffered over one hundred casualties, one third of her crew, while United States only suffered 12. It had a long and honorable career under the American flag. The close-up above shows Capt. Some paintings are of war, and the combination of these two themes create masterpieces. Macedonian became a dismasted hulk. Painters have a fascination with the ocean.
( Log Out / While this painting is not as famous as “The Coronation of Napoleon” which I previously reviewed , it is still a very intriguing painting as it shows the different aspects of naval combat and the differences between each nation’s ships in one of the first naval engagements of the War of 1812. The American vessel won the long bloody battle, capturing and bringing Macedonian back to the United States.
Hornet managed to slip through the blockade on 14 November 1814 and escaped to sea. Captain Carden choose not to risk crossing the bows of United States to rake her, but chose instead to haul closer to the wind on a parallel course with the American ship. Change ).
United States began the action at 0920 by firing an inaccurate broadside. USS United States versus HMS Macedonian was a naval battle fought near Madeira on October 25th 1812 between the heavy frigate USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, and the frigate HMS Macedonian, commanded by John Surman Carden. The squadron again sailed on 8 October 1812, this time from Boston.  Because of the greater range of the guns aboard United States, she got off seventy broadsides to Macedonian's thirty, and emerged from the battle relatively unscathed.. When United States closed for another broadside, Carden was forced to strike her colors and surrender. Decatur's next broadside destroyed Macedonian's mizzen top mast, so giving the maneuvering advantage to the American frigate. It is important to note the damages around the ship as the USS United States fired about seventy broadsides. The United States’ claims to parts of Canada and the Franco-American sympathies helped turn the tide and war was declared in 1812. HMS Macedonian was recommissioned as USS Macedonian and served until 1824. , The United States declared war on the United Kingdom on 18 June 1812. Macedonian was subsequently purchased by the United States Navy, and was renamed USS Macedonian. Otherwise, we will reproduce the above image for you exactly as it is. For his part, Decatur intended to engage Macedonian from fairly long range, where his 24 pounders would have the advantage over the British 18 pounders, and then move in for the kill. Three days later, after capturing Mandarin, United States parted company and continued to cruise eastward. The capture of HMS Macedonian by the USS United States followed the taking of HMS Guerrière by the USS Constitution on 19 August 1812 and would be followed by the capture of HMS Java by the Constitution on 29 December 1812. Think how difficult it is to paint smoke and even show the wooden hull behind it. The United States‘ broadsides riddled the British frigate at a long range and demasted the ship.
This was answered immediately by the British vessel, bringing down a small spar of United States. The capture of HMS Macedonian was a naval action fought near Madeira on 25 October 1812 between the frigates USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, and HMS Macedonian, under the command of John Surman Carden. The capture of HMS Macedonian was a naval action fought near Madeira on 25 October 1812 between the frigates USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, and HMS Macedonian, under the command of John Surman Carden.The American vessel won the long bloody battle, capturing and bringing Macedonian back to the United States. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. As the ship rose over the horizon, Captain Decatur made out the fine, familiar lines of HMS Macedonian, which was on its way to its station in the West Indies.. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The sails next to him are covered in holes from the shot. It was the first British warship to ever be brought into an American harbor. She hailed Macedonian demanding the name of her antagonist and whether or not she surrendered. Captain Decatur recognized HMS Macedonian, which … This was answered immediately by the British vessel, bringing down a small spar of United States. Chambers was born in England, but moved to the United States where he would paint this in 1852.
USS United States had a strong advantage over HMSMacedonian in its firepower. ( Log Out / On 1 June, the three vessels were driven into New London, Connecticut, by a powerful British squadron, and United States and Macedonian were kept blockaded there until the end of the war.
Naval Academy, The Catastrophic Fire On Board USS Forrestal, The Sullivan Brothers and the Assignment of Family Members, The African American Experience in the U.S. Navy, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Navy, Contributions of American Indians to the U.S. Navy, Naval Service of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Personnel, The World Cruise of the Great White Fleet, Navy Underwater Archaeology Return Program, Research Permits for Sunken & Terrestrial Military Craft, Scanning, Copyright & Citation Information, Obtain Duplications of Records and Photos. USS United States vs. HMS Macedonia October 25, 1812 On October 8, Commordore Rodgers left Boston on his second cruise. As his ship was at a disadventadge, Decatur intended to engage Macedonian from long range.
From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=USS_United_States_vs_HMS_Macedonian&oldid=2559329, Atlantic Ocean articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. The American crew cheers from the deck and further to the right stands Decatur, responding to Carden over the roar of the cannon.
British losses were 36 dead and 68 … First we must understand the background to the piece. Most of the United States’ guns were 24-pounders, while HMS Macedonian was equipped with primarily 18-pounders. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. If you have another image of Uss United States Vs. Hms Macedonian that you would like the artist to work from, please include it as an attachment.
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