types of climate in nigeria

There are some mountains in Nigeria, and here the area experiences a montane micro-climate, which much lower temperatures and different patterns of precipitation. When pertaining to the Koppen system, this tropical climate is referred to as a tropical savanna climate, or a tropical wet and dry climate. Although Nigeria lies wholly within the tropical zone, there are wide climatic variations in different regions of the country. In conclusion, we have given you information about the types of climate in Nigeria and there have been lots of changes over the past few years. The Alpine Climate is one of the very best, these are areas in the country that are above sea level. From the month of June to September is when you have rainfall which will help in cooling up the place and making it looks wet a bit, after the raining season in Nigeria, the northern region goes back to being hot and the Celsius can go about being high as 40 Celsius, this is why many Northern are very black because of the sun it’s too hot and it’s not good for the skin. Before the effect of all these, it has been seen that Co2 will warm the planet at first but they never knew how bad it will be from tearing up the surface that protects us from intense heat and this is what we are facing right now, if there is a way humans can reduce burning then things will get better and easier for everyone. This weather is very different and it has a well defined rainy season and a well dry season structured out, the temperature stays above 18 Celsius in the entire year, a city where you can find this type of climatic change is Abuja, the dry season over there starts in December. Next, the city of Kano, Nigeria totals 826mm of precipitation and possesses an average temperature of 26 degrees celsius or 78.8 degrees fahrenheit. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. The differences in total precipitation accumulation and average temperature can be expressed in the graphs below. There are two rivers that feed into the ocean, converging in the center of the country then heading south, sort of dissecting Nigeria in a ‘Y’ shape. The climate of Nigeria differs throughout three different regions of the country. Therefore, Denver experiences much more seasonality than Lagos and Kano in regards to temperature. Nigeria - Climate Photo by: Lydia Kruger. Near the coast, the seasons are not sharply defined. Climate Types: Now talking about the Arctic, you should know that it has warmed up more than any place of the planet and this is quite threatening because of several species living in the sea and other in that region, the ice cover for the arctic has thinned and shrunk and this poses as a great risk and has many negative effects. Climate is the long term average weather and this is typically averaged over a period of 30 years. Its warmth and high humidity gives it a strong tendency to ascend and produce copious rainfall, which is a result of the condensation of water vapour in the rapidly rising air. ( Log Out /  The temperatures in the Nigerian cities stay between a little over 20 degrees celsius and under 35 degrees celsius annually. When comparing the temperatures between Lagos and Kano to Denver, some significant differences are apparent. It is close to the equator so falls entirely in the tropics. Some Nigerian weather can be extremely uncomfortable and dangerous to travel in since the infrastructure isn’t really designed to cope well. However, the mercury can rise as high as 110°F during the hottest time of the dry season, and drop to 42°F during the rainy season. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Therefore, fluctuations in precipitation seasonality can be observed by comparing different climate zones in Nigeria to one another and precipitation seasonality is apparent in the country. August, September, and October should be avoided, wait until the rains have ceased and the land has dried out. These winds are known locally as ‘harmattan’, and they come into force around December until February. ( Log Out /  The dry season, which lasts from October until April is determined by high temperatures and low humidity, and is affected by warm winds coming from the Sahara Desert to the north. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The graphs above may also be used to compare annual precipitation between Lagos and Kano to that of Denver. It can be possible to visit during the rainy season, although it is best avoided towards the end. The dry season in Kano lasts through November till the end of April, producing very little precipitation. Climate. The climate of a location is determined by the altitude, latitude, and terrain. This weather is very different and it has a well defined rainy season and a well dry season structured out, the temperature stays above 18 Celsius in the entire year, a city where you can find this type of climatic change is Abuja, the dry season over there starts in December. Ice is now being melted and some species of animals that stay on the icy part are now being forced to leave, making things difficult for them and forcing them to adapt to a system that they are not used to. Your email address will not be published. This type of climate experiences low rainfall, and Northern Nigeria accrues less rainfall than any other area of the country. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Rains start in the south, and then travel northward, with most parts of the country seeing the most rain in May, June, or July. The climate of Nigeria is usually characterized into 2 seasons – the Wet and Dry. To begin, Nigeria’s southern equatorial region may also be refered to the tropical rainforest climate or the equatorial monsoon climate. During the wet seasons, heavy rainfall is occurs. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The dry season brings high seasonal temperatures, accompanied by a west afrcian trade wind blowing from the Sahara Desert to the north. Lagos’ mean temperature is 27 degrees celsius or 80.6 degrees fahrenheit. ( Log Out /  It is affected by the Atlantic Ocean weather patterns, although it has a south facing coastline. The first is the tropical rainforest climate, and the south of the country will generally see more annual rainfall than elsewhere in Nigeria. Humans contribute to a lot today in our environment and climate changes with lots of burning going on daily which has made heat to be trapped in the air, CO2 which is slowly being trapped with other greenhouse gases which have formed a thick blanket that has trapped heat on the earth’s surface. Do be aware of any local festivals though, where you should certainly plan to book hotels in advance. The rainy season is short lasting only a few months, while the rest of the year is dry and hot. It borders Lake Chad to the northeast, also affecting weather for the region. These climate types present defined wet and dry seasons, which Central Nigeria experiences annually. If intending on visiting game reserves or national parks, be aware that they may simply close for the rainy season, so you will need to go when the dry season starts. Next, the central region of Nigeria is considered to be tropical. To begin, Nigeria's southern… The city of Lagos is located in Nigeria’s equatorial climate zone, producing 1741mm of precipitation annually. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria’s climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria's climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. As a tropical country with this geography, Nigeria experiences four different climate types, which generally differ as you travel from south to north of the country, moving away from the equator. However, Lagos and Kano possess much more precipitation seasonality comparatively. Even while in school, many of us have been taught about the greenhouse effects, it’s not like we are not aware, we are very much aware of this but many find it hard to reduce it or even put a stop at it. The Nigerian weather is quite different, located in the tropical region that means it can be very humid and damp, the weather you will see in Nigeria depends on where you are at that moment. The first is the tropical rainforest climate, and the south of the country will generally see more annual rainfall than elsewhere in Nigeria. If you are visiting the Yankari National Park, the best time to visit is in the dry season, between October and April, since this is when the vegetation dries and the animals are drawn to the watering holes, providing enhanced wildlife spotting opportunities. You should know that Nigeria comprises of 36 states and each state comes with a different type of climatic region. Kano, located in Nigeria’s arid climate zone produces 826mm of precipitation. Areas like this, the temperature is very low than what you will find in any other part of Nigeria, but the fact that it is in the tropics makes it feels like tropical weather. Climate change is occurring and it is caused mostly by human activities, like in terms of heat you should know that earth temperature goes down and go up yearly but for the past few years it has gone up more than what it’s used to be and this has been quite alarming because of the speedy rate this took place. The city of Denver, Colorado experiences precipitation without much seasonality. Throughout the year, average temperatures in Nigeria fall between 73°F and 88°F. Once observing the data on precipitation in the graphs, it is clear that Lagos and Kano experience more precipitation than Denver.

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