nigeria slums

[135][136] From safe drinking water to electricity, from basic health care to police services, from affordable public transport to fire/ambulance services, from sanitation sewer to paved roads, new slums usually lack all of these. The cause of the fire is disputed, but some believed that the police prevented the residents from having access to firefighting efforts and actually helped spread the fire. Affordable public transport and economic infrastructure empowers poor people to move and consider housing options other than their current slums. These cookies do not store any personal information. [63] Some governments, moreover, mapped the land where slums occupied as undeveloped land. French government passed laws to block increase in the rent of housing, which inadvertently made many housing projects unprofitable and increased slums. [201][202] Besides children's vulnerability to diseases, many scholars also focus on high HIV/AIDS prevalence in slums among women. (2009), Disaster risk reduction: Cases from urban Africa, Earthscan Publishers (UK); Larry Whiteaker (1997), Seduction, Prostitution, and Moral Reform in New York, 1830–1860, S Cohen (1971), Images of deviance, Harmondsworth, UK, Penguin. The slum residents have been convinced that their current location is a health hazard, prone to natural disaster, or that the alternative location is well connected to employment opportunities. In 1990, 46 percent of the urban population lived in slums; by 2000, the percentage had dropped to 39%; which further dropped to 32% by 2010. Encyclopedia of the City (2005), Editor: Roger W. Caves, Nancy Krieger, Historical roots of social epidemiology, Int. Volume 101, Issue 1, pages 4–17, February 2010. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, Richard A. Gilbert, Daniel (1990), Barriada Haute-Espérance : Récit d'une coopération au Pérou. [53], According to Ali and Toran, social networks might also explain rural–urban migration and people's ultimate settlement in slums. (Eds.). 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[14][15], It is thought[16] that slum is a British slang word from the East End of London meaning "room", which evolved to "back slum" around 1845 meaning 'back alley, street of poor people. There, you will find people living and sleeping in floating wooden canoes. The Eternal Slum: Housing and Social Policy in Victorian (Vol.

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