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Subsequently, he received threats from former resistance fighters. This doesn’t mean there are no penalties in Denmark. Find out more in our infographics. [11], The background been documented in depth by historian Ditlev Tamm.[12]. [17] Subsequent polls have shown varying levels of support for reintroducing capital punishment, generally amounting to one fifth or one fourth of the population. The only politician who actually ventured to cast a 'no' vote was Ingeborg Hansen, speaker of the Landsting. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. [6][7][8] (See: Freetown Christiania#Barracks and ramparts), The last person to be executed in Denmark was Ib Birkedal Hansen, shot by firing squad on 20 July 1950. 20 December 2019 The latter execution area is today inside Christiania, on the Second Redan of the outer rampart, Enveloppen (in Christiania called Aircondition, Dyssen area) where a concrete floor and drain can still be seen at coordinates 55°40′48″N 12°36′49″E / 55.679871°N 12.61363°E / 55.679871; 12.61363. You can use this tool to change your cookie settings. Jens Nielsen, sentenced to a long prison term for arson, allegedly wished to commit suicide by provoking his execution and accordingly made three attempts to murder a guard over the years. Capital punishment for most instances of war crimes was legally ended in 1978 (and in all cases since 1 January 1994).   |   If you are talented and passionate about human rights then Amnesty International wants to hear from you. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. After 1892, death sentences were handed down but not carried out. According to an opinion poll from 2006, one fifth of Danes supported capital punishment for certain crimes. ✪ Denmark in World War 2 | The Danish Resistance | Documentary Short | 1944, Remnants of the Christianshavn execution shed used from 1946 to 1950. stefan.simanowitz@amnesty.org, Reports, briefings, urgent actions and UN submissions. Cookie Statement Capital punishment in Denmark (Danish: Dødsstraf - "death penalty") was abolished in 1930, with no death sentences having been carried out since 1892, but restored from 1945 to 1950 in order to execute Nazi collaborators. According to a 1945 opinion poll, about 90 percent of the population were in favour of a death penalty for certain war criminals. That's it. Shortly before the German surrender, however, the Freedom Council worked with a clandestine committee of lawyers to elaborate a proposal for a war crimes Act that included the death penalty. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. Capital punishment in Denmark (Danish: Dødsstraf - literally "Death punishment") was abolished in 1930 but restored from 1945 to 1950 in order to execute Nazi collaborators. Under military law, however, capital punishment still remained an option. A 2015 resolution on the death penalty condemned its use to suppress opposition, or on grounds of religious belief, homosexuality or adultery. Contrarily, proponents in the 1945 debate argued that if the death penalty was not re-applied, war criminals would be subject to mob justice or lynchings. Capital punishment for most instances of war crimes was legally ended in 1978 (and in all cases since 1 January 1994). There is strong opposition to abolishing the death penalty in Asia, the Arab World and the US. The last execution was in June 1950. Learn more human trafficking in the EU on the occasion of the EU's Anti-Trafficking Day on Wednesday 18 October. Among their demands was prosecution of war criminals and of those responsible for the violation of Denmark's legal system and independence. However, four fifths of the 55 African countries have abolished capital punishment or operate moratoriums. The last headsman in office was Carl Peter Hermann Christensen who held the position from 27 August 1906 until 1 April 1926, but never performed any executions. “Capital punishment is the most premeditated of murders”. A major point of difference was whether the law would be retroactive to only 29 August 1943, when the Danish government resigned, or all the way back to 9 April 1940 when the occupation had begun. Permissions Parliament strongly opposes capital punishment and pushes for its worldwide abolition. We must deal with these criminals, not of a lust for revenge, but so that we soon may return to normal conditions. This must change. Among the opponents were J.K. Jensen of the Radical Liberal Party and Oluf Pedersen of the Justice Party. 127 members of the Folketing voted for the law, 5 members of the Justice Party abstained because of opposition to the death penalty, and 19 were absent. There is a moratorium in Russia. The resistance movement got its way and the latter was decided. Another point of critique was the retroactivity of the law. The purge after World War II has been widely debated, partially because small offences were sentenced quicker and generally more severely than trials for greater offences which lasted longer, while moods were cooling down after the end of the war. But since then, barbary and lawlessness have occurred, the normal state of law has been violated deeply, and I feel then more tied to a deeply violated public conscience than to normal conditions. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Your choice regarding cookies on this site The last execution prior to 1946 was on 8 November 1892, in the courtyard of the State Prison of Horsens. The Danes are big on fines. There were no capital sentences after 1950. The 30 remaining were pardoned. Privacy Policy The sentences were carried out by firing squads of 10 voluntary police officers, either in Undallslund Plantage (17), close to Viborg or on the military training grounds at Margreteholm, Christianshavn, Copenhagen (29). The last execution was in June 1950. Oleg Sentsov is the 2018 laureate of Parliament's Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Some 86% of all recorded executions in 2019 took place in just four countries: Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Egypt. In 1751, the last known execution for bestiality in Denmark happened.[2]. 1 June 2020 Denmark: Criminalization and Prosecution of Rape in Denmark – Submission to the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences Research Denmark. All EU countries have abolished the death penalty in line with the European Convention on Human Rights. (Source Amnesty International). Figures are unknown for China, since this data is a state secret. Denmark. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. The last execution was in June 1950. Between 1945 and 1947, three special laws were enacted to bring capital punishment back into the penal code,[4] to address crimes committed during the occupation of Denmark. Denmark’s death penalty law lingered into the 1930’s, but even the occasional death sentences were no longer carried out. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. About 400 were killed, mostly in extralegal reprisals,[5] with 76 formally sentenced to death and 46 of the capital sentences carried out. The amendments reserved capital punishment for crimes committed with particular malice during wartime (murder, treason and denunciation, limited to offenders over the age of 21). There were 657 recorded executions in 20 countries (excluding China, where thousands of executions are believed to have been carried out), with more than 25,000 people on death row. The headsman had the status of a Royal government employee. These two proposals were merged in a subsequent bill. Capital punishment in Denmark (Danish: Dødsstraf - literally "Death punishment") was abolished in 1930 but restored from 1945 to 1950 in order to execute Nazi collaborators. On 31 May it was confirmed by the Landsting by 67 votes for, 1 against and 8 were absent. On 1 January 1933, Denmark abolished all capital punishment under the old penal code, when the new Danish Penal Code[3] automatically came into effect, entirely replacing the older code from 10 February 1866.   |   Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. As part of its commitment to defending human rights, the EU is the largest donor in the fight against death penalty worldwide. The first penal code appendix bill came before Parliament from 26 to 30 May 1945, just three weeks after the liberation on 5 May. The spectacle generated calls for the abolishment of the death penalty, particularly since the headsman, Jens Seistrup, had to swing his axe several times in order to complete the job. History of the death penalty in Denmark The last victims of death penalty In order to execute Nazi collaborators during the ll World War Was valid for crimes committed during the German occupation 46 persons were executed in this case - traitors - resisters The Danish Law - Jens About 13,500 people were sentenced as collaborators, denouncers or traitors under these laws. Currently reinstitution of capital punishment is not supported by any political party in Parliament. Russia: Travesty of justice: Danish Jehovah’s Witness set for release may stay in custody, New poll reveals 7 in 10 people want governments to regulate Big Tech over personal data fears, Only nine European countries recognise sex without consent is rape.   |   Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Denmark announced it would re-enter the UN Refugee Agency’s (UNHCR) refugee resettlement programme – however, in very insignificant numbers. Starting during the first decennia of the 1800s, death penalties were increasingly commuted to life imprisonment by the Crown. Steincke of the Social Democrats, himself a lawyer, expressed the general viewpoint in this way:[10]. These were ex post facto laws and were part of the purges (Danish: Retsopgøret) attempting to meet public opinion demanding severe punishment for wartime offenders, in particular certain informants and those HIPO and Gestapo officers responsible for brutal murders or torture. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! The EU fights to abolish the death penalty in a number of ways: In addition the European Parliament adopts resolutions and hosts debates condemning the actions of countries that still use capital punishment. Capital punishment for most instances of war crimes was legally ended in 1978 (and in all cases since 1 January 1994). Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more. Survivors of rape continued to face inadequate and outdated laws although changes to the legal definition of rape were announced. Apart from a brief revival after World War II to punish war crimes committed the Nazi occupation, nobody has been put to death in Denmark …

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